Marks - The French Porcelain Society
This is usually an artist or the factory owner and is important for further research. Brongniart applied his skills and experience to the manufacture of porcelain in ways never used before. These craftsmen often passed their skills down through the generations and so several painters of the same name can be mentioned in the records across decades.
The company was forced to try to survive with a greatly reduced work force and shortages of cash and raw materials. The Vincennes factory was also granted the monopoly for polychrome painting on porcelain. There are many problems with company names. This will help you identify the mark.
Be sure to watch out for restorations, later decoration and re-gilding. The Wallace Collection holds the finest museum collection of Sevres Porcelain in the world. When translated, several possible forms could have been used.
Sevres porcelain marks
Some factories are represented by many marks because each one gives dating information. The Sevres Porcelain Factory was originally founded in at Chateau de Vincennes, France by local craftsmen from a nearby porcelain factory at Chantilly. Sevres also set an example in modelling unglazed biscuit porcelain, which was introduced by Bachelier. They are referred to as pseudo-Sevres and continue to be difficult for collectors to identify because they are on soft paste bodies that were produced by the factory. The other French factories were only permitted to paint their porcelain in one colour.
Only the very wealthy could afford objects made of this fragile material, which was shipped at great expense from the Far East. Early on royal edicts made it a crime to produce wares similar to those made at Sevres, with the king holding a monopoly on certain forms, types of decoration, and even application of gilding.
The successor company, if it is still in business, is listed at the bottom of the mark caption. The Sevres company was in financial ruin, its aspiration to challenge the German company Meissen as the most desired porcelain for the royal and wealthy was in tatters. From the beginning, Sevres created finely detailed gilded and hand painted decorative arts for the wealthy and privileged.
Both are in charts listed in our identification help section. The decorative processes, like the making of the porcelain grounds on which they were painted, were sophisticated and strictly controlled. This is a listing of the better-known marks and backstamps and enough information so that you can learn more about your porcelains. Home Latest Updates Forum Valuations.
- It was incredibly costly to produce and took the factory almost four years to complete, stretching its financial, technical and artistic resources to the limit.
- Specialist Will Strafford supplies the answers.
- Most of the time they are from the first year that any predecessor company worked until the last year any successor company worked, provided that the name or management was continuous.
- Some firms have only a single mark that was in use for many years.
- If the initials in the mark were directly connected to the foreign name, it may have a more awkward translation.
- There is some confusion in any reference containing Delft marks.
What they may not know, however, is how widely faked and copied Sevres has been throughout the centuries. Still, no matter how beautiful or well made, those items will never be identifiable as Sevres porcelain. Here each factory name is written in Dutch and then translated into English, so you will be able to find these names in other sources. More than a decade later the porcelain factory was still popular with political rulers and monarchs.
Unfortunately, after the French Revolution rooms full of undecorated soft paste ware were sold off, to eventually be painted by outside decorators in the Sevres style. Often, for the Delft factory, help making a person's name may be listed instead of a factory name. Painted with flower sprays within gilt cartouches of grasses and trailing flowers. Some of the early French porcelain had an imitative nature. Reading the mark's date is relatively simple.
Sevres gilding, too, is best described as sumptuous. Each piece is finely painted birds to the center and to the rim based on images found in The Natural History of Birds by the Comte de Buffon see below. This means it should not be flat, but raised from the surface and easily felt with the fingers. Various known and identifiable colors often had terms of tenure and popularity.
Not until about did Sevres begin producing hard paste porcelain. The factory also invested in glaze and kaolin the raw material of porcelain experimentation as well as the expansion of the decorating department. However, if you are looking for a starter piece, later decoration and restored porcelain carries a lower price tag, and can be fascinating to study as well as being a great place to start. In a few cases it is the foreign title. The above Vincennes pot and cover emulates the shape and decoration of early Meissen pieces painted with harbour scenes.
Broigniart was a scientist and engineer, and his training provided a fresh approach to factory production. Two companies frequently merged into one and the mark was used for the new company so it is dated back to the oldest company with a direct relationship to the mark. It was built up in layers, how do i so it should have a distinct three-dimensional look. Monarchs and leaders across the Western world looked to France for their important commissions and major purchases.
Some of the first pieces produced were small tea and coffee wares with coloured grounds and gilding. Third, all artwork from enameled decoration to gilding should be extremely fine. The factory dates are more difficult. In your inbox every Wednesday. The need for legal restrictions was obvious since porcelain manufacture was a lucrative enterprise and the market throughout Europe was strong.
Every collector knows that the quickest way to identify a piece of pottery or porcelain is to identify the mark, but sometimes it's unreliable because marks are often forged and changed. The marks are listed according to their shapes. The marks were chosen primarily so this listing would be useful to the average collector. In some cases, it is an comfortable translation.
They involved creating and firing a double porcelain wall with an intricate lattice of openings to the outer wall. In the s the factory had developed a hard-paste porcelain that enabled the application of new types of gilding and ground colours. Your guide to antique pottery marks, porcelain marks and china marks. Second, are the ground colors right for the year suggested by the mark you see?
How can a non-authentic piece be identified? This in turn often encloses a letter or double letter, which acts as a code for the year in which the piece was produced. At that time the brothers Dubois, who were arcanists that fled from Chantilly, had already experimented to produce porcelain at the Chateau de Vincennes. Obviously, the original name of a German company was in German. It may be disappointing, dating wiki but it is important to know you do not own an antique.
Even today the same types of bogus reproductions continue to be made. Both Sevres Porcelain collections came together in the nineteenth century as a result of the French Revolution when many works of art came on the market. But, everything changed with the coming of the French Revolution and the depression which followed.
Identifying Sevres Porcelain - Ruby Lane Blog
Often these pieces bore no mark at all, but some were marked with a fake Sevres mark that can be very convincing if one is not aware of what to look for in order to identify the real article. The information was often sketchy and sometimes conflicting. The government appointed a new administrator Alexander Brongniart to the Sevres operations at the turn of the century. The forms of these pieces were new, too, metal heavy with attention shifting to the East for inspiration.
Sevres Marks The Double L and Double C Marks
That mark is a mirror imaged upper case L, interlaced. Some marks are made up of letters listed in alphabetical order. Marks Identification Guide.